The RIEGL VZ-1000 3D terrestrial laser scanner, can collect data over a long range (up to 1400 m) using a narrow infrared laser beam and a fast scanning mechanism. Data acquisition is achieved rapidly, producing highly accurate and precise ranging. It can be applied to any 3D object or surface; for example surveys of natural topography, vegetation, laboratory surfaces and the built- environment. It is possible to have 'floating' or fully georeferenced point clouds. A user may use point clouds to create surfaces, and to calculate distance, areas and volumes, and surface characteristics (e.g. material properties such as roughness, reflectance etc.).